Yellow Fever Certificate Requirements for Travelers to Uganda-Rwanda

Posted by on August 8, 2020

Yellow Fever Immunization Requirement for Travelers to Uganda and Rwanda -what it means to you

When a Yellow Fever Certificate for Travelers to Uganda


Yellow Fever Certificate Requirements for Travelers to Uganda-RwandaYellow Fever Certificate Requirement for Travelers to Uganda:  Presently, all incoming tourists and visitors need to prove that they have been inoculated.

There are some rare exceptions listed below.  The Present Reality for Travelers to Uganda, including those going on a Safari with us, is that they will have to have the WHO Yellow Fever Certificate that shows that they have been immunized or a valid letter of the medical exemption that has been preapproved by Ugandan Health Authorities.

Angola had an outbreak of Yellow Fever – other African Countries began to implement the Yellow Fever Inoculation and certificate requirement without which you cannot enter Uganda.

If you arrive without the certificate, you are immunized at the point of entry, such as Entebbe International Airport. You pay for the immunization. The irony of that is that the vaccine will not be active until ten days later, meaning that you are in Uganda without protection. You should be immunized in your country of residence before you come to Uganda.

The Inoculation is now right for a lifetime and is necessary to travel to the parts of the world that are part of the world-wide Yellow Fever Zone, which spans the Globe and includes Uganda.

Mosquitoes transmit yellow fever, outbreaks in Uganda have been rare.  The last eruption, w was quickly contained, villages sealed off, and it never spread beyond the communities.


Periodic Yellow Fever Outbreak in Uganda:Yellow Fever Certificate Requirements for Travelers to Uganda-Rwanda

Yellow Fever Outbreaks do happen in Uganda. Periodically there have been Yellow Fever outbreaks in Uganda. It usually is in a remote part of Uganda, far from tourist attractions.

The response is that the Ugandan Ministry of Health Medical spring into action. At such times the Ministry of Health will take necessary measures which include a Yellow fever vaccination campaign and supplement them with routine immunization schedules.

The yellow fever vaccine is the most effective way to protect against the disease. “”The vaccine offers protection of a100 percent. There’s no yellow fever cure. The vaccine is the only way to get protection.”

Symptoms of yellow fever include fever, headache, jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. According to WHO, few people who get infected with the disease develop severe symptoms.  Approximately half of those to acquire the symptoms die within 7-10 days of being infected.


Transmission – How is Yellow Fever Transmitted:

Yellow fever virus has three transmission cycles: jungle (sylvatic), inter­mediate (savannah), and urban.

  • The jungle (sylvatic) cycle involves transmission of the virus between non-human primates (e.g., monkeys) andYellow Fever Certificate Requirements for Travelers to Uganda-Rwanda mosquito species found in the forest canopy. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes from monkeys to humans when humans are visiting or working in the jungle.
  • In Africa, an intermediate (savannah) cycle exists that involves the transmission of the virus from mosquitoes to humans living or working in jungle border areas. In this cycle, the virus can be transmitted from monkeys to humans or from humans to humans via mosquitoes.
  • The urban cycle involves trans­mission of the virus between humans and urban mosquitoes, primarily Aedes aegypti. The virus is usually brought to the urban setting by a viremic human who was infected in the jungle or savannah.
  •  The disease cannot be spread from one person to another.

What about travelers and the Yellow Fever Outbreak?  Most Tourists on Safari do not get near the affected areas. The areas where there is, at present, an outbreak in Uganda. It is important to note how Yellow Fever is transmitted to humans, which is very, very different, and that the disease cannot be spread from one person to another.

Uganda Ministry of Health is one of the best in Africa when it comes to dealing with Yellow Fever, Ebola, Marburg Virus, and more. The virus should be contained in a matter of weeks in Uganda. We will notify you on this page regarding changes.


Yellow Fever Certificate for Travelers to Uganda:

Yellow Fever Immunization Requirement for Travelers to Uganda in 2020. yellow fever certificate

All Visitors to Uganda are now required to have a valid Yellow Fever Immunization Card from the world health organization – which means you must be immunized and that you should do so 10 to 30 days before your Ugandan Arrival.  It will also help you enter other East African countries.  A yellow fever immunization is suitable for a lifetime.

Currently, in 2020, arriving passengers without vaccination cards are vaccinated at their own cost (about USD 40) and issued the international vaccination card. Uganda does not isolate un-vaccinated passengers on arrival, as some countries do.  The below extra measure steps will help such visitors to Uganda.

Reasons for Yellow Fever Immunization ExemptIons:

Pregnant women, babies below one year or below, and persons with HIV/AIDS having a CD4 count below 200 are cleared by authorities to travel without yellow fever vaccination cards.

Some Visitors above the age of 60 years and others that are allergic to egg proteins have also been known to develop some minor skin rashes. Such people can apply for an exemption letter to that effect.  It includes an official medical record attesting to why you cannot be vaccinated against Yellow Fever.  Such exemptions should be cleared with Uganda Immigration through the online Visa Application process.


Yellow Fever Immunization Requirement for Travelers to Rwanda in 2020:

Angola was the new African country where Yellow Fever was active and being transmitted. Rwanda has a SlightlyYellow Fever Certificate Requirements for Travelers to Uganda-Rwanda different set of requirements than Uganda regarding Yellow Fever Inoculation.

  • You do not need a Yellow Fever Vaccination if you are coming from a Yellow Fever non-endemic country and not continuing to Uganda, for example.  If continuing to Uganda, you will need to show proof of your Yellow Fever Vaccination at the Ugandan border.
  • If you are traveling to Rwanda and coming through a yellow fever endemic country, you will need to show proof of the yellow fever vaccination, this includes Uganda and Kenya but reaches as far as South American Countries.

While Rwanda is Yellow Fever free, following the outbreak of Yellow Fever in other neighboring countries, the Rwandan Ministry of Health is implementing measures to prevent the import of Yellow Fever cases and therefore protect the health of residents and visitors.


Yellow Fever endemic countries: 

Angola, Argentina, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad’DR Congo, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Suriname, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela

About Yellow Fever
World Health Organisation (WHO) describes Yellow fever as an acute viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The “yellow” in the name refers to jaundice that affects some patients.

Signs and symptoms are fever, muscle pain with prominent backache, headache, shivers, loss of appetite, and nausea or vomiting.


How does the Yellow Fever Vaccine help to prevent contracting Yellow Fever?Yellow Fever Certificate Requirements for Travelers to Uganda-Rwanda

The yellow fever vaccine causes your immune system to produce antibodies against the virus. It’s administered as a relatively painless injection.

Few react. Check with your doctor or travel clinic. They will tell you all that you need to know.

The vaccine has been used for many decades. It is safe and affordable, providing active immunity against yellow fever within ten days for more than 90% of people vaccinated and within 30 days for 99% of people protected.

The yellow fever vaccine has been available for more than 80 years. A single dose provides lifelong protection for most people.

The vaccine is a live, weakened form of the virus given as a single shot.


Extra Steps you can take to prevent mosquitoes from biting you and note not all mosquitoes are carriers of Yellow Fever, Malaria, or Dengue Fever in Uganda or Rwanda.  No Client of ours has become ill from an infectious disease.Yellow Fever Certificate Requirements for Travelers to Uganda-Rwanda

  • Wear long trousers – long-sleeved shirt for added protection – avoid blue shirt for added protection from Tsetse Flies – who are pesky but do not carry sleeping sickness in Uganda.
  • Avoid wearing bright colors.
  • Sugar intake helps in attracting mosquitoes.
  • Use an insect repellent to spray yourself and clothing. Use one that works, such as the Australian Product RID.
  • Use Doom Insect Killer in your room or Tented Cottage. It costs 4-USD for a large spray can. Upmarket lodges on Safari will spray your room in the evening.
  • Sleep under the mosquito net provided.
  • Turn the Fan on if available – mosquitoes avoid moving air.
  • Bwindi Impenetrable Forest and Mgahinga Gorilla Park in Southwest Uganda area mostly mosquito-free due to the elevation and cold nights.

We recommend RID, but no have no connection to the makers of RID – We recommend it because it works for our Clients.


Be Immunized and obtain your Yellow Fever Certificate before Arriving in Uganda.

Jon Blanc